A veterinary neurologist has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of neurologic diseases affecting veterinary patients. The specialization requires years of advanced training beyond veterinary school. After receiving a doctorate in veterinary medicine, a one-year internship for advanced training in all fields of veterinary medicine and surgery is pursued. Following the internship, veterinarians enter a three-year residency training program in the specialty of veterinary neurology. After completion of the residency, the veterinarian is eligible to receive board-certification in the specialty of neurology within American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Board-certification is granted by the college once the candidate passes a comprehensive test encompassing all aspects of clinical neurology.
Veterinary neurologists diagnose and treat a wide range of both medically and surgically treated neurologic diseases affecting veterinary patients including seizure disorders, vestibular disease, intervertebral disc disease, encephalitis, and neuromuscular diseases like myasthenia gravis. Commonly used diagnostic aids include evaluation of radiographs, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, MRI and CT scans, myelograms, and electrodiagnostic testing which includes evaluating nerve conduction velocities as well as other electrophysiologic parameters.